This Day In History: 1910-06-11


Jacques-Yves Cousteau (1910 – 1997) was born on this day.
He was a French oceanographer who documented the sea and its inhabitants, introducing a hitherto unseen world to a popular audience through his books and TV programs, and a pioneer of marine conservation. Cousteau is credited with being co-developer of the Aqua-lung, the first commercially successful diving regulator, opening the way for easy underwater exploration. His first, and perhaps most successful, book The Silent World: A Story of Undersea Discovery and Adventure (1953), was filmed as a documentary by Cousteau, The Silent World (1956) paving the way for his later popular TV series The Undersea World of Jacques Cousteau (1968 – 1976) and The Cousteau Odyssey (1977 – 1982). Director of the Oceanographical Museum of Monaco (1957).

Surprisingly there appear to be few species named in honour of Cousteau, perhaps as few as 4, but he is honoured (twice) in the name of the gastropod Gibbacousteau jacquesi Espinosa & Ortea, 2013, and likely in the name of species under cousteaui.