This Day in History: 1907-05-27
Rachel Carson (1907 – 1964) was born on this day. She was a US marine biologist and conservationist, best known for her role in promoting the modern environmental movement. Carson was at the U.S. Bureau of Fisheries (later known as the Fish and Wildlife Service) initially working on fish population data and producing literature for the public, later becoming chief editor of publications (1949). She wrote a series of popular science books Under the Sea (1941), The Sea Around Us (1952), The Edge of the Sea (1955), culminating in her best known work, Silent Spring (1962).
Silent Spring documented the detrimental effects on the environment of the indiscriminate use of pesticides and brought environmental concerns to the attention of the American public; it inspired an environmental movement that led to the creation of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.
Carson is honoured in the names of three species of mollusc under rachelcarsonae.