This Day in History: 1707-05-23
Carl Linnaeus (1707 – 1778) was born on this day. He was a Swedish botanist and zoologist, the father of modern taxonomy, he formalised the system of naming organisms using the binomial nomenclature of scientific names. Also known as Carolus Linnæus, Carl von Linné (after his enoblement), and Carolus a Linné. His major works establishing the Linnean system of taxonomy, describing around 10,000 to 12,000 species, are Species Plantarum (1753), marking the start of modern taxonomy, the first botanical work to consistently apply binomial names, and the tenth edition of Systema Naturae (1758), the starting point for zoological names.
Names of aquatic taxa honouring Linnaeus are difficult to confirm and exhibit a great variation in spelling, species names can be found under linnaeana, linnaei, linnei, and caroli.