This Day in History: 1922-05-04
Eugenie Clark (1922 – 2015) was born on this day. She was a US ichthyologist primarily known for her work on sharks, often referred to as the Shark Lady; founder of the Mote Marine Laboratory. Clark was a pioneer of diving, learning to dive with equipment pre-dating Scuba.
Over the course of her career she authored more than 175 scientific articles and two popular books, Lady with a Spear (1953) and The Lady and the Sharks (1969). Clark was an authority on shark behavior and became the first scientist to demonstrate that sharks were capable of being trained. She also worked on other groups of fishes including the Tetraodontiformes, sand fishes in the Red Sea and Gulf of Aqaba, and Convict blennies, gaining knowledge of their adult size, behavior, and natural habitat previously unknown to science.
Clark described several new taxa and is honoured in the names of a number of species under clarkae, geniae, and (unusually) clarki.