This Day In History: 1770-04-28


James Cook first lands at Botany Bay on this day.
Cook’s journal records Cook, Banks, and Solander going ashore in a small boat, landing at what would later be called Botany Bay; midshipman Isaac Smith being the first of their party, hence first European, to set foot in eastern Australia.
Cook initially use the name Sting Ray Harbour as his log for 6 May 1770 records, “The great quantity of these sort of fish found in this place occasioned my giving it the name of Stingrays Harbour”. However, in the journal prepared later from his log, Cook wrote instead, “The great quantity of plants Mr. Banks and Dr. Solander found in this place occasioned my giving it the name of Botanist Botany Bay”.