This Day in History: 1841-03-03

John Murray (1841 – 1914) was born on this day. He was a Scottish oceanographer and marine biologist, considered to be the father of modern oceanography. Murray was heavily involved in the Challenger Expedition, preparing scientific apparatus for the expedition in advance and joining the crew as a naturalist. After the expedition he was appointed Chief Assistant at the Challenger offices, later Director, where he managed and organised the collection, publishing in 1896 The Report on the Scientific Results of the Voyage of HMS Challenger, a work of more than 50 volumes.
After completing the expedition reports Murray surveyed the fresh water lochs of Scotland, publishing the 6 volume Bathymetrical Survey of the Fresh-Water Lochs of Scotland (1910), and in 1912 co-authored The Depths of the Ocean with Johan Hjort, a popular account of the 1910, “Michael Sars” North Atlantic Deep-sea Expedition.

Murray described a number of new taxa and is honoured in the names of a number of species under murrayi.