This Day in History: 1869-02-18

Johan Hjort (1869 – 1948) was born on this day. He was a Norwegian zoologist and fisheries scientist; director of the Norwegian Institute of Marine Research 1900 – 1916, one of the founders of the International Council for the Exploration of the Sea in 1902, later President (1938 – 1948). He worked on the population dynamics of fisheries and is credited with the creation of modern shrimp fisheries; co-authored, The Depths of the Ocean (1912) with Sir John Murray, a popular account of the 1910, “Michael Sars” North Atlantic Deep-sea Expedition.

Hjort is honoured in the names of 16 species under hjorti.