This Day in History: 1997-01-14

The discovery of the remains of Aristotle’s Lyceum announced on this day. An ancient Greek philosopher and scientist who lived from 384 to 322 BCE, considered by many to be the first scientist. From c.335 BCE to 322 BCE Aristotle taught at his school, the Lyceum, and studied and wrote on a plethora of subjects.

Arguably both the first formal ichthyologist and taxonomist, Aristotle described 117 species of Mediterranean fishes, developed a classification of living things distinguishing between what we now call vertebrates and invertebrates, separated whales and dolphins from fish, and recognised that sharks and rays comprised a separate group of fishes.